"Translated from Russian"
Clipped from: https://crimea-news.com/society/2019/03/22/502858.html
The Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation announced for discussion a draft government decree with requirements for the use of animals for cultural and entertainment purposes and their maintenance, including in zoos, zoos, circuses, zoos, dolphinariums and aquariums. It is planned that the resolution will come into force on January 1, 2020.
This writes "Kommersant", the correspondent of 3652.ru.
Conditions of detention
Among the requirements for keeping animals, it is noted that in zoos and aquariums they should be provided with space of "adequate size in accordance with the needs of particular species and taking into account the three-dimensional parameters of the enclosure." However, the specific requirements for the size of enclosures are not specified.
In the section on requirements for circuses and zoos, it is noted that "every animal kept in a room or cage must be provided with a minimum floor area exceeding at least three times the area occupied by it when standing on four legs." Premises, in particular, must be repaired and protected from bodily harm, protected from escaping and “not be excessively rusted”. Further, the document specifies the dimensions of enclosures for the maintenance of large predators (bears, lions, tigers, etc.), birds, reptiles, large cats and ungulates.
Meanwhile, zoodefenders point to too narrow premises for keeping animals.
"For lizards, for example, the size of the terrarium is considered sufficient, equal to the length of the animal's body. And the bird, according to the Ministry of Culture, has" the possibility of active movement in space "in a cage with a length in all directions not more than one and a half wingspan. as much as you want! ", said the head of the Alliance of Animal Protectors, Yuri Koretsky.
The project prohibits the physical contact of zoo visitors with wild animals. Contact will be allowed only with farm and pets and only under the control of the zoo staff.
For large cats, working contact with the trainer is regulated to avoid stress for no more than five hours a day, while the general provisions of the document apply to other animals. So, "it is unacceptable to force an animal to exceed its natural abilities or strength, and also to use auxiliary means that can cause injuries, severe pain or suffering to an animal.
The document allows only contactless service of predators with the exception of circus dressure.
Meanwhile, the director of the Big Moscow State Circus (BMGTs) Edgard Zapashny told Kommersant that a number of requirements for animal training “sound nice, but in fact we don’t realize”: It says that animals should not be forced to participate in the training procedure. But, for example, when riding a horse, there is an element of coercion, otherwise the horse cannot be traveled. "
Zapashny also indicates that the requirements for temperature in the enclosures should be specified in the document for each animal species. So far, it is only noted that the air temperature in the room in which the animals are located should not be below 16 ° C and above 30 ° C in winter. "There are a number of animals that require sub-zero temperatures for keeping, such as polar bears and seals", – indicates the director of BMGTs.
Special attention is paid to interactive communication with dolphins. It is about swimming with dolphins in the pool. For such a “planned interaction”, visitors should be thoroughly instructed orally or in writing about the rules of behavior in water with marine mammals. And during the session is not allowed to be in the water more than three people on one dolphin. In addition, animals should not be allowed to people with infectious diseases and skin lesions, as well as with signs of intoxication. "If the dolphin shows a reluctance to contact the visitor who has plunged into the water or shows aggressive behavior towards him, the session should be terminated," the document says.
The project prohibits uncontrolled feeding of animals by visitors to the zoo. For large ungulates and predators, as well as birds and reptiles, the requirements for feeding are limited to a "scientifically based diet", which is not explained. At the same time, for large cats, the paragraph listing the requirements for feeding them is disclosed in detail: “Animals are fed beef, mutton, chicken as the main feed. In addition, pork and fish are fed in small quantities. Eggs are added to the diet, milk".
The document states that at least once a week large feline animals should be given “live” food (rabbits, chickens, rats, mice). And in order to "maintain normal microflora in the feline gastrointestinal tract", it is necessary to add fresh uncleaned ruminant gizzards to the diet or feed live goats and sheep. In addition, the project prescribes one “unloading” day for large cats when animals need to be “drank milk with eggs”.
In the section devoted to the maintenance of animals in dolphinariums and aquariums, it is noted that "spectacular performances must give visitors objective information about marine mammals, their habitat and problems of the protection of the seas and oceans." The document states that the narration texts accompanying the representations of animals must "be carefully edited by experts for scientific authenticity and be of a pronounced environmental educational nature."
In the texts, there should also be "neither ridicule at animals, nor excessive anthropomorphism".
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